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Stroke, also known as a ‘brain attack,’ occurs when there is a blockage in blood flow to a part of the brain or when a blood vessel ruptures, potentially causing damage to or the death of brain cells.

It is a leading cause of death and long-term disability in adults. Brain damage is only one of the effects. A stroke can lead to ongoing issues, including:

  • Memory problems or trouble thinking and speaking
  • Vision problems
  • Trouble walking or keeping your balance
  • Paralysis (not being able to move some parts of the body) and muscle weakness
  • Trouble controlling or expressing emotions
  • Trouble with chewing and swallowing
  • Trouble controlling when you go to the bathroom

What is a mini-stroke?

A mini-stroke exhibits identical symptoms to a stroke but with a shorter duration of symptoms. Another term for a mini-stroke is TIA (transient ischemic attack).

A TIA occurs when blood flow to the brain is briefly blocked, typically lasting minutes to hours. If you’ve had a TIA, you face a heightened risk of experiencing a more substantial stroke. Never disregard signs of a TIA.

Am I at risk?

The primary risk factor for stroke that you can modify is high blood pressure. High blood pressure often exhibits no signs or symptoms.

You might also be at risk for stroke if you:

  • Have had a previous stroke or a transient ischemic attack (TIA/Mini-stroke)
  • Smoke or vape
  • Drink too much alcohol
  • Use certain drugs
  • Have diabetes Certified Primary Stroke Center
  • Don’t get enough physical activity
  • Are overweight or have obesity
  • Have certain heart problems
  • Have high cholesterol

 

Article provided by Chinese Hospital.